This handsome new study by Paul W. Jacobs II and Diane Atnally Conlin, Campus Martius: the Field of Mars In the Life of Ancient Rome (isbn: 9781107664920), with several maps made at the Center, is now available from Cambridge University Press.
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The New York Times has favorably reviewed the Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World for the iPad. You can read the review here: http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/24/books/review/gateways-to-the-classical-world.html
5-1-13 to 4-30-14
ANCIENT WORLD MAPPING CENTER (http://awmc.unc.edu)
Among the projects undertaken by the Center during this very active year two major preoccupations stand out. One was the initiative to release a series of publicly accessible map tiles suitable for use in almost any web mapping application or Geographic Information Systems (GIS) software suite (http://awmc.unc.edu/wordpress/tiles/). This ambitious goal was achieved early in 2014. Created from data produced by the Center and generously hosted on Mapbox servers courtesy of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University, these map tiles are the first (and, currently, only) geographically accurate base map of the ancient world from Britain to Bactria. The tiles conform to the broad periodization (Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, Late Antique) presented in the Barrington Atlas. Inland water, rivers, shorelines and other geographical features are returned so far as possible to their ancient appearance. The neutral presentation enables scholars to represent the physical environment of nearly any ancient society within the vast arc of space spanned. Also early in 2014 the Center released revised tiles of the Roman road network. All these new map tiles were rapidly adopted by the Pleiades Project (see below) for its web interface, and by the beta version of Stanford University’s ORBIS Project 2.0 (http://orbis.stanford.edu/v2/index.html).
The new tiles are in turn the building blocks for the Center’s beta version of Antiquity À-la-carte 3.0 in preparation (http://awmc.unc.edu/awmc/applications/carte-transitional/). It should fully replace the current and still-active version 2.0 by the end of next academic year. Like version 2.0, it is a versatile web-based GIS interface and interactive digital atlas of the ancient Mediterranean world, offering data produced by the Center as well as the entire feature set of its longterm ongoing partner the Pleiades Project (http://pleaides.stoa.org). As with 2.0, users can frame, populate and export maps according to their own design, either selecting the Center’s data or adding their own content, including line work and shading. In accordance with the Center’s standard operating procedure, all this content is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC 3.0) license, permitting free use for non-commercial purposes.
The Center’s other major preoccupation was completion of a seamless, interactive online map to accompany the remarkable new translation into English of Strabo’s massive Geography by Duane W. Roller (The Ohio State University) due for publication in both print and electronic formats by Cambridge University Press in summer 2014. The map itself is accessible free: http://awmc.unc.edu/awmc/applications/strabo. The map is built on the Antiquity À-la-carte interface, and has immense coverage because it plots all the locatable geographical and cultural features mentioned in the 17 books of this fundamentally important Greek source – over 3,000 of them, stretching from Ireland to the Ganges delta and deep into north Africa. In the e-version of the translation, the gazetteer offers embedded hyperlinks to each toponym’s stable URI within the digital module, making it possible to move directly between Strabo’s text and its cartographic realization. While production of this map inevitably presented the Center with technical obstacles, its success in overcoming them has assisted other mapmaking initiatives. The opportunity for the Center to incorporate the enormous body of Strabo’s geographic information into its API (http://awmc.unc.edu/api) has also been invaluable.
The Center’s wallmap of Asia Minor in the Roman imperial period at 1:750,000 scale (measuring 4 x 6.5 ft) is a longterm project that has presented even more challenges than the Strabo map. Fortunately, it has at last been brought very close to completion this year. Richard Talbert exhibited a near-final draft in Ankara, Turkey, at the conference Pathways of Communication: Roads and Routes in Anatolia from Prehistory to Seljuk Times, where it was so favorably received that the British Institute requested permission to keep it on display. The Center has begun work on a similar map of the Iberian Peninsula at the same scale.
Mapmaking commissions fulfilled by the Center included two maps for Clifford Ando (University of Chicago) to illustrate his research on the Romans’ pacification of North Africa; one plan of Augustan Rome, three plans of Rome and Constantinople in the fourth century AD, and one overview map of the Mediterranean for the forthcoming monograph Sacred Founders (University of California Press) by Diliana Angelova (University of California, Berkeley); one map of the Sasanian Empire in the third century AD for a Brill monograph by Iain Gardner (University of Sydney); and six maps of Eurasia, the Roman empire, Roman North Africa, the barbarian kingdoms, the Iranian world, and central Asia in the fifth century AD for The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Attila edited by Michael Maas (Rice University). The Center supplied all 28 maps for the second edition of Mary Boatwright and co-authors, A Brief History of the Romans (Oxford University Press). In addition, the Center provided an integration of its current map tiles and shapefiles of the Iberian Peninsula, as well as its Peutinger Map files, for the Fall 2013 exhibition at the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, New York University, Measuring and Mapping Space: Geographic Knowledge in Greco-Roman Antiquity. The Center also assisted Princeton University Press in the test stages of its innovative re-issue of the Barrington Atlas as an app for iPad 2.0+.
Richard Talbert gave a lecture at the ISAW exhibition, and a keynote address on mapping Asia Minor at the Ankara conference Pathways of Communication. At the Chicago annual meeting of the Archaeological Institute of America, Steve Burges (now a graduate student at Boston University) presented a paper “The creation of the Forum Romanum: Three-dimensional mapping and Rome’s flood-prone valley,” incorporating research he had done at the Center for his UNC senior honors thesis last year. In Chapel Hill, Ross Twele, Ryan Horne and Michael Heubel were chosen to make a presentation at the Historical GIS Student Showcase in April. The Center also made a poster presentation on Antiquity À-la-carte and its Strabo map for University Research Day.
As hoped, several students who had been working most productively at the Center returned to continue this year. Ryan Horne again played a major role by taking the lead in the release of all the new map tiles, in the ongoing work on Antiquity À-la-carte 3.0, and in solving the difficulties of presentation faced by the Strabo and Asia Minor maps. Ray Belanger further expanded the Center’s geodatabase of physical and cultural features derived from the Barrington Atlas. Luke Hagemann incorporated Greek place names into the database and cross-referenced Strabo’s toponyms with Pleiades IDs. Two undergraduate students and one graduate (Lindsay Holman) were recruited: Audrey Jo revised the Center’s shoreline geodatabase especially in regions where marked change has occurred since antiquity. Michael Heubel created a new geodatabase of polyline extents and labels for regions, peoples, tribes and physical features. Lindsay expanded the geodatabase of rivers courses, in particular to classify them at distinct zoom levels for online viewing. Audrey, Luke and Ray all graduated, and their loss will be keenly felt, as will that of this year’s exemplary acting director Ross Twele. He has been tireless, creative, diplomatic, and enviably clear-headed in advancing an array of demanding projects and responsibilities each at a different stage and with its own distinctive needs. Ross will be succeeded by Ryan Horne.
The University of North Carolina’s ITS Research Computing Group is hosting its first annual Research Computing Symposium today (20 May) at the Carolina Club in the George Watts Hill Alumni Center. Ryan Horne, incoming Acting Director of the AWMC, will be on hand to display a poster presentation showcasing the Center’s most recent digital humanities work (see our University Research Day post for further details).
HGIS Carolina is hosting a Student Showcase today (April 3) from 3:30-5:00p “to allow UNC students to present their work using GIS to study, reconstruct, and visualize the past.” Ross Twele, Ryan Horne, and Michael Heubel will be presenting portions of the Ancient World Mapping Center’s ongoing work on Antiquity À-la-carte 3.0 under the title “Mapping the Ancient Mediterranean in the Digital Age.” The 20-minute presentation will draw particular attention to our current project of producing individual shapefiles for regional and tribal names, bridges and aqueducts, and centuriation patterns.
This afternoon, the Ancient World Mapping Center is participating in The University of North Carolina‘s annual University Research Day. The Center will be displaying a poster collage of our latest research and programming, especially in regard to Antiquity A-la-carte 3.0. The poster features with special prominence an image of our forthcoming Strabo Online web application in connection with Duane Roller’s new translation of the Geographika for Cambridge University Press. It also displays images of A-la-carte’s capability to map man-made features according to the Pleiades database and the AWMC’s collection of shapefiles, to represent coastal variations both within periods of ancient history and in contrast to the modern topographical aspect, and to map surviving ancient features at tenths-of-a-second accuracy with the use of handheld GPS devices. A PDF file of the poster (licensed under a Creative Commons CC BY License) can be seen here.
International Conference: Pathways of Communication: Roads and Routes in Anatolia from Prehistory to Seljuk Times
The British Institute at Ankara, in collaboration with Ankara University, is hosting the conference Pathways of Communication: Roads and Routes in Anatolia from Prehistory to Seljuk Times March 20-22, 2014 on the university campus. A programme for the conference can be found here. The conference will devote two panels to “Maps and Digital Mapping” and “Digital Approaches to Roads and Networks.” Prof. Richard Talbert has been invited to speak in a panel at Pathways on the Ancient World Mapping Center’s most recent efforts in “Digital Mapping of Classical Asia Minor and its Routes: Progress and Prospects”.
The AWMC is proud to announce the release of a series of geographically accurate, publicly accessible map tiles (http://awmc.unc.edu/wordpress/tiles/ ), suitable for use in nearly any web mapping application or GIS software suite. These tiles are hosted on Mapbox servers courtesy of ISAW, and are created by Ryan Horne from AWMC data produced by Richard Talbert, Jeffrey Becker, Ryan Horne, Ross Twele, Audrey Jo, Ray Belanger, Steve Burges, Luke Hagemann, Ashley Lee, and others.
Offering the first (and at the time of this writing, only) geographically accurate base map of the ancient world, the AWMC tiles conform to the broad periodization presented in the Barrington Atlas, with different selectable water levels for the Archaic, Classical, Hellenistic, Roman, and Late Antique Periods. In addition, we also model inland water, rivers, and other geographical features as they appeared in antiquity. The base tiles are culturally agnostic, allowing them to be used to represent the physical environment of nearly any ancient society in the Mediterranean world. In addition to the base map and geographical tiles we also present the Roman road network, generally following the Barrington Atlas with additional work by the AWMC. Like all of our other electronic offerings, our new tiles are released under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported (CC BY-NC 3.0) license and remain absolutely free for personal, academic, and non-commercial use.
For guidelines on how to use the tiles in an application, please visit http://awmc.unc.edu/wordpress/tiles/map-tile-information. These tiles are a “living” data set, and will be constantly refined to reflect the ongoing work of the AWMC. We welcome feedback on any aspect of this work and we encourage the community to suggest enhancements, fixes, or any other comments on our dedicated site.
Along with our tiles, The Ancient World Mapping Center is also releasing a beta version of Antiquity à la Carte 3.0 (http://awmc.unc.edu/awmc/applications/carte-transitional/). The application, engineered by Ryan Horne, builds upon the two previous iterations of À-la-carte, which appeared in Spring 2012 and October of the same year. Continuing to draw upon the work of the Ancient World Mapping Center and the Pleiades Project, the updated version will incorporate the new AWMC Mapping tiles, along with the expanded features first introduced in v. 2.0. Until the beta version is stable with all of the previous functionality enabled, À-la-carte version 2.0 will remain operational at http://awmc.unc.edu/awmc/applications/alacarte/ . In the meantime, we welcome any feedback on the beta version as we endeavor to create an application that is useful to the ancient world community. We are particularly excited that our new tiles allow us to feature modern data alongside our ancient offerings, which will open many new possibilities and applications for À-la-carte.
Matthew Edney, director of the History of Cartography Project at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, has produced an annotated bibliography on “History of Cartography” for Oxford Bibliographies Online under the subject “Geography”. This bibliography includes: General Overviews; Overviews by Period and Culture; The Field of Study; Technical Aspects of Map Making; Map Forms; Cartographic Modes or Ways of Acting with Maps; Government, Politics, and Cartography; Commerce, Public Discourse, and Identity Mapping; and Maps and Historical Practice.
New publication of interest: A Brief History of the Romans, 2nd ed by Boatwright, Gargola, Lenski, and Talbert
The second edition of A Brief History of the Romans by M. T. Boatwright, D. Gargola, N. Lenski, and R. J. A. Talbert is now available from Oxford University Press, featuring new map content generated by the Ancient World Mapping Center. A companion website, www.oup.com/us/boatwright, is forthcoming.